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Research Article |

Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Expansion of irrigated area combined with efficient management of water will enhance the attainment offood security and poverty alleviation goals of the country. Irrigation agriculture significantly contributes to food security, producing 40% of food and 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. This study investigates the effect of furrow irrigation on the yield of common beans in Ethiopia's central Rift Valley. The experiment was conducted on loam soil with three furrow irrigation methods: alternate, fixed, and conventional, and three deficit irrigation levels of 100, 85, 70, and 55%. The analysis of variance showed that the grain yield of common beans was significantly affected by irrigation levels and furrow irrigation methods. The highest grain yields, plant height, and above-ground biomass were obtained with 100% ETc under conventional furrow irrigation. The maximum water use efficiency obtained from alternative furrow 70% ETc (1.4kg/m3) followed by alternative furrow 55% ETc (1.38kg/m3). where as, the minimum was obtained from conventional 100% ETc. An irrigation application of 70% ETc under alternate irrigation could be considered optimal irrigation management in a water-scarce area.

Furrow Irrigation, Deficit Irrigation, Common Bean, Water Use Efficiency

APA Style

Tamiru, Z., Seyoum, T., Hordofa, T. (2023). Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science, 12(3), 38-45.

ACS Style

Tamiru, Z.; Seyoum, T.; Hordofa, T. Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. J. Water Resour. Ocean Sci. 2023, 12(3), 38-45. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11

AMA Style

Tamiru Z, Seyoum T, Hordofa T. Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. J Water Resour Ocean Sci. 2023;12(3):38-45. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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