Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2016, Page: 47-52
Research of Urban River Health Assessment Model
Zhang Yuhua, College of Water Conservancy, Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute, Kaifeng, China
Han Xiaoyu, College of Water Conservancy, Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute, Kaifeng, China
Jin Congcong, Institute of Earthquake Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
Received: Jul. 6, 2016;       Accepted: Jul. 15, 2016;       Published: Aug. 3, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.wros.20160504.11      View  2961      Downloads  113
Abstract
Urban river health is the important symbol of the sustaining development of a city. Using the comprehensive index assessment method, some indicators were selected to characterize the main features and functions of urban river health to establish a comprehensive model for evaluating urban river health. These indicators included four aspects: landscape environment, natural features, environmental features and socioeconomic. Total of them are 22 indicators. And the evaluation criteria were ascertained. Projection pursuit and variable fuzzy theory method were used to determine the weight of the indicators and the comprehensive assessment model was also built. This thesis discussed the issues of the urban river health situation of Jialu river, an urban river in Zhengzhou city. The evaluation results (0.23, 0.327, 0.245, 0.198) show that the Jialu river is in sub healthy state. Based on the health assessment results of Jialu river and evaluation score of each indicator, the limiting factors were ascertained that affect the urban river health. The calculated results are consistent with the actual situation, which shows the practicability and rationality of the method. The assessment model can provide reference for urban rivers health.
Keywords
Urban River Health, Index System, Projection Pursuit Method, Variable Fuzzy Set Theory
To cite this article
Zhang Yuhua, Han Xiaoyu, Jin Congcong, Research of Urban River Health Assessment Model, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, pp. 47-52. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20160504.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Wu Er Na, Yang Kai, Che Yue, Characterization of rivers health status and its assessment. Advances in Water Science, 2005, 16 (4): 602-608.
[2]
Kar J R, Chu En, Sustaining living rivers. Hydrobiologia, 2000, 422-423 (4): 1-14.
[3]
P. J. Raven, Holmes, T. H. H. et al., River Habitat Quality the physical character of rivers and stream in the UK and Isle of Man. River Habitat Survey Report No. 2. 1998.
[4]
J. L. Meyer, Stream health: Incorporating the human dimension to advance stream ecology. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 1997, 16 (2): 439-447.
[5]
P. Vugteveen, R. Leuven, M. Huijbregts et al., Redefinition and elaboration of river ecosystem health: Perspective for river management. Springer. 2006. 289-308.
[6]
A. R. Ladson, L. J. White, J. A. Doolanet al., Development and testing of an Index of Stream Condition for waterway management in Australia. Freshwater Biology, 1999, 41 (2): 453-468.
[7]
Tao. Tang, Qing hua. Cai, Jian kang. Liu, River ecosystem health and its assessment. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2002, 13 (9): 1191-1194.
[8]
Cai Qi Hua, Maintaining the health of Yangtze River and promoting the harmony between human and river water. China Water Resources, 2005 (8): 7-9.
[9]
LI Guo Ying, Keeping healthy life of the yellow river an ultimate aim of taming the yellow river. Yellow River, 2004.
[10]
Zi Qiang Xia, Wen Xian Guo, Research advance in river health. Resources & Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2008.
[11]
Miao Jing yi, Yan Xu xian, Evaluation of Region Sustainable Development Based on Projection Pursuit Classification Model-Empirical Analysis Based on 1998~2011 Data of the 30 Provinces. Industrial Technology & Economy, 2013 (10): 77-82.
[12]
Sou Yi Chen, Variable fuzzy set theory and its application. Dalian University of Technology Press. 2009.
[13]
Z. M. W. Institute, River survey report of Zhengzhou city. 2008.
[14]
Wen Fu bo, Han Qi wei, Xu Jiong xin et al., Definition and connotation of river health. Advances in water science, 2007, 18 (1): 140-150.
[15]
Lei Hua Geng, Heng Liu, Hua Ping Zhong, et al., Indicators and criteria for evaluation of healthy rivers. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 2006, 37 (3): 253-258.
[16]
Yi fei Zhang, Song Yu, Ping Lu, et al., Effect evaluation of urban waterfront green space landscape based on application of RAGA-PPE model. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2010.
[17]
E. E. A. C. Protection, Technical guidelines and standards for environmental impact assessment. China environmental press. 2013.
[18]
M. O. W. R. China, Indicators, standards and methods of river health assessment (pilot work). 18. Beijing: Science Press, China. 2010.
[19]
Z. Jianqiang, D Qingsong, C Bikeet al., Comprehensive evaluation of a certain river water quality in Southern China based on artificial bee colony-projection pursuit. Water saving irrigation, 2014 (8): 49-52.
[20]
Sou Yi Chen, Theory and model of engineering variable fuzzy sets mathematical basis for fuzzy hydrology and water resources, Journal of Dalian University of Technology, vol. 45 (2), 2005, pp. 308-312.
[21]
Z. M. W. A Bureau, River survey report of Zhengzhou city. 2012.
[22]
Z. M. W. A Bureau, River survey report of Zhengzhou city. 2014.
Browse journals by subject