Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2017, Page: 72-84
Analysis of Vessel-Based Marine Accidents and the Economic Risks to Nigeria
Nwokedi Theophilus Chinonyerem, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Ibe Calistus, Department of Transport Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Okeudo Geraldine, Department of Transport Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Moses Ntor-Ue, Department of Civil Engineering, Rivers State Polytechnic, Bori, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 13, 2017;       Accepted: Apr. 25, 2017;       Published: Nov. 28, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.wros.20170606.11      View  2001      Downloads  51
Abstract
The aim of the study is to evaluate the economic loss of vessel-based marine accidents to Nigeria and the impact on marine transport sub-sector output and/or performance. Time series data of 30 years were gathered from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin, the Nigeria insurance digest, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) annual statistical report. The contribution of marine transport to the Gross Domestic Product (Y), shipping accident economic loss (X1), economic losses of offshore oil and gas (O&G) drilling accidents (X2), and marine oil spill accidents economic losses (X3) were obtained and used as the explanatory (independent) variables. The data was analyzed using multiple regression method with Y as the dependent variable. The hypotheses were tested using t-test. The findings of the study indicates that shipping accidents economic losses and economic losses of offshore oil and gas drilling accidents shows significant impact on the output of the marine transport sub-sector over the period covered by the study. The model expressing the quantitative relationship between GDPmarine transport (Y), shipping accidents economic loss (X1), economic loss of offshore oil and gas drilling accidents (X2) and marine oil spill accidents loss (X3) is: Y = 332156363.1 + 0.167X1 + 0.837X2 + 0.203X3 + e. it was recommended that investment in safety policies and standards be improved with greater focus in reducing accidents induced economic losses in shipping and offshore O&G drilling maritime operations.
Keywords
Vessel-Based, Marine, Accidents, Economic - Risks
To cite this article
Nwokedi Theophilus Chinonyerem, Ibe Calistus, Okeudo Geraldine, Moses Ntor-Ue, Analysis of Vessel-Based Marine Accidents and the Economic Risks to Nigeria, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2017, pp. 72-84. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20170606.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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