Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2018, Page: 20-27
Investigation of the Physico-Chemical Parameters and Plankton Biotopes of the Nta Wogba Creek, Diobu, Port Harcourt
Roseline Feechi Njoku Tony, Department of Environmental Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Dike Henry Ogbuagu, Department of Environmental Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Tochi Ezechi Ebe, Department of Environmental Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Monica Nweke Ezike, Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
Irene Ogechi Egbuawa, Department of Environmental Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Grace Ebele Amaku, Department of Environmental Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Eric Chinonso Ezikeudu, Department of Environmental Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Kelechi Nwancho Ogboji, Department of Environmental Technology, School of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Received: May 3, 2018;       Accepted: May 30, 2018;       Published: Jul. 25, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.wros.20180703.11      View  366      Downloads  34
Abstract
Physicochemical parameters could help to reduce or otherwise contribute to the growth and survival of plankton biotopes in the water bodies. This study investigated the physicochemical parameters and plankton biotopes of Ntawogba creek in Port Harcourt, River state. Water samples were collected from five stations representing upstream and downstream. Electrical conductivity (EC), pH, Dissolved oxygen (Do), Chemical oxygen demand (COD), Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), Nitrate, and Phosphate were determined under standard laboratory methods. Zooplankton and Phytoplankton abundance were also determined. Concentrations of Electrical Conductivity (Range=860.00µS/cm) and Chemical Oxygen Demand, (Range=31.80mg/L) varied widely, the other parameters had narrow variations. pH, EC and Phosphate ion concentrations varied from 7.06 – 8.27 (7.54±0.23), 395.00 – 1255.00 (722.40±160.47)µS/cm and 0.01 – 0.04 (0.03 ± 0.01)mg/L respectively. Nitrate ion concentrations varied from 0.63 – 5.34 (3.41 ± 0.77) mg/L while Dissolved Oxygen varied from 0.00 – 4.90 (2.92 ± 0.84) mg/L. BOD and COD ranged as follows: 2.80 - 22.70 (14.20 ± 4.21) mg/L and 4.50 – 36.30 (22.72 ± 6.74) mg/L respectively. Phytoplanktons recorded are as follows: Bacilariophytes (291 species), Euglenophytes (68 species) and cyanophyceae (139 species) while zooplanktons identified are protozoans (37 species), copepods (19 species), cladocera (462 species) and rotifers (100 species). This study therefore suggests high pollution impact occasioned by heavy municipal waste discharges and recommends that the government should evolve better solid and liquid waste management policies and practices. The government agencies should enforce all relevant environmental laws, standards and regulations as well as industry operators to treat industrial effluent before disposal into public drain.
Keywords
Pollution, Municipal, Planktons, Physicochemical, Bacteriological, Waste Disposal
To cite this article
Roseline Feechi Njoku Tony, Dike Henry Ogbuagu, Tochi Ezechi Ebe, Monica Nweke Ezike, Irene Ogechi Egbuawa, Grace Ebele Amaku, Eric Chinonso Ezikeudu, Kelechi Nwancho Ogboji, Investigation of the Physico-Chemical Parameters and Plankton Biotopes of the Nta Wogba Creek, Diobu, Port Harcourt, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2018, pp. 20-27. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20180703.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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