Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2019, Page: 50-55
Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review
Wycliffe Tumwesigye, Department of Economics and Environmental Management, Bishop Stuart University, Mbarara, Uganda; African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Abebe Aschalew, African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Wambi Wilber, African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia; National Agricultural Research Organization, Bulindi Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Hoima, Uganda
Anteneh Destra, African Centre of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Received: Feb. 9, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 3, 2019;       Published: Oct. 15, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12      View  43      Downloads  9
Abstract
In recent years it has become clear that climate change is an inevitable process in many parts of the world and has a negative impact on agriculture and food systems particularly in Sub-Saharan African countries. Climate change involves variations in temperature and precipitation across the globe. The environmental changes associated with climate change have a significant impact on the food supply chains food environments and food systems in general. These changes affect food production, storage, processing, marketing, availability, promotion, affordability and quality along the food value chain. Consequently, climate change affects global food security and peoples’ income especially, in developing countries where the predominance of rain-fed agriculture in much of these countries results in food systems that are highly sensitive to rainfall and temperature variability. The narrative review aimed at evaluation of published literature to understand the impact of climate change on food systems across the globe. Literature search from 2000-2019 was carried out using key words and key phrases in Google search Engine. Elsevier agriculture journals, JSTOR journals, Google Scholar, ResearchGate, Nature and Climate Change journals. More than 120 relevant publications were retrieved of which 44 were scrutinized and used for this publication. The study found that increased rainfall and temperature affect food availability, utilization, crop yields, food markets, food prices, consumption patterns and food insurance. The review recommended that all stakeholders should adopt relevant policies about climate change mitigation and adaptation options along different food value chains. This will enable farmers to produce sufficient food required to feed the projected 9.8 billion people by 2050 thus contributing to sustainable development goal number two: -End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
Keywords
Food Systems, Food Value Chain, Climate Change, Food Environment, Food Supply, Food Quality
To cite this article
Wycliffe Tumwesigye, Abebe Aschalew, Wambi Wilber, Anteneh Destra, Impact of Climate Change on Food Systems: A Narrative Review, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2019, pp. 50-55. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20190804.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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