Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science

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Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Received: 25 October 2023    Accepted: 10 November 2023    Published: 14 December 2023
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Abstract

Expansion of irrigated area combined with efficient management of water will enhance the attainment offood security and poverty alleviation goals of the country. Irrigation agriculture significantly contributes to food security, producing 40% of food and 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. This study investigates the effect of furrow irrigation on the yield of common beans in Ethiopia's central Rift Valley. The experiment was conducted on loam soil with three furrow irrigation methods: alternate, fixed, and conventional, and three deficit irrigation levels of 100, 85, 70, and 55%. The analysis of variance showed that the grain yield of common beans was significantly affected by irrigation levels and furrow irrigation methods. The highest grain yields, plant height, and above-ground biomass were obtained with 100% ETc under conventional furrow irrigation. The maximum water use efficiency obtained from alternative furrow 70% ETc (1.4kg/m3) followed by alternative furrow 55% ETc (1.38kg/m3). where as, the minimum was obtained from conventional 100% ETc. An irrigation application of 70% ETc under alternate irrigation could be considered optimal irrigation management in a water-scarce area.

DOI 10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11
Published in Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science (Volume 12, Issue 3, June 2023)
Page(s) 38-45
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Furrow Irrigation, Deficit Irrigation, Common Bean, Water Use Efficiency

References
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    Tamiru, Z., Seyoum, T., Hordofa, T. (2023). Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science, 12(3), 38-45. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11

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    ACS Style

    Tamiru, Z.; Seyoum, T.; Hordofa, T. Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. J. Water Resour. Ocean Sci. 2023, 12(3), 38-45. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11

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    AMA Style

    Tamiru Z, Seyoum T, Hordofa T. Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. J Water Resour Ocean Sci. 2023;12(3):38-45. doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11,
      author = {Zalalem Tamiru and Tashome Seyoum and Tilahun Hordofa},
      title = {Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia},
      journal = {Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science},
      volume = {12},
      number = {3},
      pages = {38-45},
      doi = {10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.wros.20231203.11},
      abstract = {Expansion of irrigated area combined with efficient management of water will enhance the attainment offood security and poverty alleviation goals of the country. Irrigation agriculture significantly contributes to food security, producing 40% of food and 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. This study investigates the effect of furrow irrigation on the yield of common beans in Ethiopia's central Rift Valley. The experiment was conducted on loam soil with three furrow irrigation methods: alternate, fixed, and conventional, and three deficit irrigation levels of 100, 85, 70, and 55%. The analysis of variance showed that the grain yield of common beans was significantly affected by irrigation levels and furrow irrigation methods. The highest grain yields, plant height, and above-ground biomass were obtained with 100% ETc under conventional furrow irrigation. The maximum water use efficiency obtained from alternative furrow 70% ETc (1.4kg/m3) followed by alternative furrow 55% ETc (1.38kg/m3). where as, the minimum was obtained from conventional 100% ETc. An irrigation application of 70% ETc under alternate irrigation could be considered optimal irrigation management in a water-scarce area.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Effects of Deficit Irrigation on Water Use Efficiency and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yields Under Furrow Irrigation System at Malkasa, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia
    AU  - Zalalem Tamiru
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    JF  - Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
    JO  - Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-7993
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wros.20231203.11
    AB  - Expansion of irrigated area combined with efficient management of water will enhance the attainment offood security and poverty alleviation goals of the country. Irrigation agriculture significantly contributes to food security, producing 40% of food and 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. This study investigates the effect of furrow irrigation on the yield of common beans in Ethiopia's central Rift Valley. The experiment was conducted on loam soil with three furrow irrigation methods: alternate, fixed, and conventional, and three deficit irrigation levels of 100, 85, 70, and 55%. The analysis of variance showed that the grain yield of common beans was significantly affected by irrigation levels and furrow irrigation methods. The highest grain yields, plant height, and above-ground biomass were obtained with 100% ETc under conventional furrow irrigation. The maximum water use efficiency obtained from alternative furrow 70% ETc (1.4kg/m3) followed by alternative furrow 55% ETc (1.38kg/m3). where as, the minimum was obtained from conventional 100% ETc. An irrigation application of 70% ETc under alternate irrigation could be considered optimal irrigation management in a water-scarce area.
    
    VL  - 12
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Author Information
  • Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Haramaya Institute of Technology, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia

  • Melkasa Agricultural Research Center, Adama, Ethiopia

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